see this forum post on this subject.
general rule about electronics
commercial electronics generally last no longer than 10 years of continuous operation. I have learned this from the field
|computer's power supply||ball bearing fan fails after ? years (had mine since 2004, one since 1990).these should be oiled once in a while and the fan and PSU (and computer) should be kept clean using canned air.
sleeve bearing fan fails after 3-6 months and will make whining and growling noises (cheap PSU's). good 80 plus expensive power supply: 12 years+, as long as the fan lasts. PSU's capacitors may degrade in capacity over time and lose 10%-50% capacity depending on how long and how hard the PSU is used. typically 20% over a few years is the rule.
|computer's motherboard||10 years@12hrs/day if it's old 286/386/486 style and has a barrel NiCd battery. today's mobos may last longer than 10 years these days using CR2032 batteries (you just change them every few years). beyond this you will find that the either the motherboard doesn't work or that your cards do not work in the motherboard. If you can still get them. 2 years (1 year?) is obsolescence in this business. If the motherboard is in continuous use, There is a problem called Metal Migration in aging chips that shorts circuits out,but this doesn't happen for quite a while. also, I have seen old NiCD batteries crust out & short on old 1990 motherboards, which corroded the mobo. newer mobos used replaceable plug-in 4.5V battery packs. even newer mb's use replaceable lithium CR2032/Duracell DL2032 button cells that last for a few years (best ones are Duracell DL2032 Medical batteries).|
|computer motherboard battery||Listed in order of system build date:
Built-in NiCD (barrel): 5-8 years (1990s).
Alkaline 4.5V(black rectangular block): 1-2 years (1990s).
Lithium CR2016 button cell: do not know, but could be 2 years(1998-2004).
Today: Lithium CR2032 button cell: I have seen up to 4 years I think, but I wouldn't push it beyond 2-3 (depends on motherboard) (1998-present).
Symptoms: system loses track of time, (on really old boxes, disks misconfigured or disappeared or partitions appear mangled), peripherals misconfigured or missing, USB keyboards and mice don't work, file dates are all wrong, prone to viruses & network attacks due to date+time being wrong (worst case)
|laptop lid switches||4 years, probably good for about 3000 operations at 2/day. avoid closing the lid or flexing if you can, it will last longer.|
|laptop screen||4 years with moderate flexing (the less the better) $600 to replace. may as well get new laptop and put the hard drive in a drive cage or use an external monitor.|
|laptop wifi card||4-5 years maybe? depends on the card. the one my mother had lasted 4 years.|
|laptop need for cleaning||every 3 years unless you have pets. $75 (most) to $259 (toshiba).|
|1998-era laptop||12+ years with hd,optical drive replacement if that's still possible (?). used like a desktop daily 8 hours/day, with breaks between: before failure. used with battery in. some run warm, but some run hot, like the pentium III's.|
|2004-era laptop||4 years used like a desktop daily 8 hours/day: used with battery in most of the time. runs hot.|
|2012-era laptop||4 years used like a desktop daily 8 hours/day: used with battery in most of the time. runs very hot.|
|2004-era desktop||now 2012. used like a desktop or a server daily 12-24 hours/day: still running. runs cool. failure of PS/2 keyboard port after much static electricity over the years (workaround by installing a new PS/2 card), or could be corrupt driver. 12+ years|
|2012-era desktop||used like a desktop daily 8 hours/day: 12+ years with hd, optical drive, battery replacement, cleaning every couple of months.|
|Li-Ion battery (cell phone battery, laptop battery)||Li-Ion: 5-6 years before strange things start happening or wear is noticeable), cell phone goes bonkers. By then, cell phone will start acting up and cell phone is about dead anyway (metal migration issues? dust? static discharge?). The futuristic idea of having one implanted in your head is ludicrous given these stats. Things wear out.|
|alkaline batteries||AAA Duracell: 5 years on shelf|
|lithium batteries||CR2032 Duracell: 9 years on shelf. CR2032 Maxell: 4 years on shelf.|
|Li-Ion (lithium-ion) rechargeable batteries||cell phone battery: 5-6 years. cell phone went nuts at end of period, doing weird stuff, and turning itself off on a full charge with no warning. replaced the battery and most of the problems went away.|
|CRT Monitor||5 years before things like jitter and twitch start happening. monitor should last about 8+ years. but they are being recycled now.|
|LCD monitor||varies, 3 years+? basically, this is supposed to be for the lamp or it could be the power supply or a capacitor. but I have read that LCD screens last longer.|
|LED monitor||50,000-100,000 hours or ?|
|dvd recorder's optical drive||50,000-100,000 hours. warrantied for 1 year. Ours lasted for 2 years and after this we noticed that it pauses a lot by itself on a good disc. If it starts rejecting a lot of brand-new DVDRW's, chances are you need to take your DVD recorder back to the store for a replacement or you need a firmware upgrade. 50,000hrs/24hrsperday/365.25daysperyear=5.703years=5years8.4months. 100,000hrs=11.408years=11years4.9months|
|computer optical drive||rated for 50,000-100,000 hours.
warrantied for 1 year.
supposed to last 2 years if environment is not dusty.
If really dusty environment, can be 3 months.
However, my Philips DVD burner lasted 4 years (my computer is on my desk, not on the floor, and my room is relatively dust-free) and was still working when I took out of machine.
mother's dvd player bought in 2004 started acting up in 2007-2008 (3-4 years).
see article on lifespan of laser (old vs. new)
see article on MTBF of laptop optical drive 50,000-75,000 hours.
|hard disk||5-7 years for desktop drives from my own experience. 1 year for server disks (older ones at least). Vista and 7 may be just like putting it on a server if you run it continuously due to constant head movement. UNLESS you use spinrite - grc.com's spinrite can make a drive pretty much have no need for tossing to recycling. it takes the bit rot (growing bad sector) problem and detects it and recovers and moves your data elsewhere. spinrite only applies to hard disks, does not work on all hard disks, does not work on SSDs. here's an article which goes into more detail.|
|flash drive||10 years is how long the data will last. If you write to the drive, average lifespan is more like 3 years for Industrial Flash) they don't survive the washing machine well. Static probably doesn't help either - static is where 2 surfaces rub together and generate electricity.|
|floppy drive||if continuously used (and cleaned), the heads wear out. expect about 3 years? note that most usb floppy drives are digital, not analog, except for kyroflux controller.|
|floppy disk||3 years continuous use before data degradation. I have seen them last longer, somewtimes up to 20 years, but I wasn't really sure how long. it varies with the disk manufacturer etc. hard to tell! sometimes you can recover your data with a PCI(?) catweasel card (not liking the name that well) if you are good at forensics and you have a library to take care of, or with grc.com's spinrite (version 5).|
|zip disk||2-10 years quoted by one source (below). The more you use it, the shorter its life, and it isn't very long - moderate use I would give it 6 months based on my experience with a zip250. the technology (how it works, cartridge makeup) hasn't really changed now that the zip750 is out. bad blocks are not automatically marked on these disks! once there is failure you have bad data. I do not know if this has been solved in the zip750. I also had an older zip250 parallel port drive. apparently grc.com's spinrite can fix the click of death problems and maybe recover your data. part of the problem is the zip drive disconnects itself from the world if there's an error. this should not be the case. in fact, the drive should report the error.|
|CDR, DVD discs||see NIST study on different dye types. heat is the worst offender for any disc. light takes about 325 hours before things start happening with average discs. direct sunlight is not good for discs because it also generates heat. 30 years for average burnable disc? using a label reduces the lifespan - adhesive seeps down into data layer!|
|ink jet printer||4 years approximately before it starts to jam once in a while or misfeed. it's the feed rollers, and probably partially due to dust on those rollers... solution: get a new printer. you can't reach them. I tried. Today's plastic printers are made to be put together, not taken apart.|
|Okidata LED laser printer||5 years on the warranty for the LED's. 17 years real life. actually, mine has lasted longer, 17 years, through several Image Drums and a number of Toner Cartridges. some refill toner and image drum killed it, or it was just pure age. once in a long while you have to take them apart to clear a jam, which is a real pain. don't use ink jet paper in a laser! today, you must contact the manufacturer to get the image drum replacements. they are not hard to put in.|
|Laser printer||still working since 2000 or so... question is, can you get drivers? maybe! check the mfr's web site. win7: when you add a printer in start, printers, if it doesn't find your printer, you can click the button "that says something like "windows update". this will look for more drivers.|
|MLC SSD||MLC: 3 years. don't defrag it! warranty is 3 years. let's say it has 3500 PE cycles per block.|
|SLC SSD||I was told that high quality SLC's (by Texas Memory Systems) last 3 years in a production environment under 24/7 high-traffic use. so article author's 10 years maybe only applies to a desktop environment where the machine is not under high-intensity barrage, and only for 8 hours/day. let's say it has 100,000 PE cycles per block.|
|power switches||10,000 cycles at full load 10,000/365.25/2=13.689 years at 2 power cycles per day approximately|
|circuit breakers||1,000 cycles|
|keyboards||5 years for a $60, or 3 months for a $5. my choice would be a mechanical keyboard.|
see this page for media lifespans.